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Aspect Ratio

The Aspect Ratio component resizes its contents to match the desired ratio.


Aspect Ratio is a wrapper component for quickly resizing content to conform to your preferred ratio of width to height. Media content like images can be stretched, resized, and cropped based on the CSS object-fit property.


import AspectRatio from '@mui/joy/AspectRatio';

The Aspect Ratio component wraps around the content that it resizes. The element to be resized must be the first direct child. The default ratio is 16/9.

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The Aspect Ratio component supports Joy UI's four global variants: solid, soft (default), outlined, and plain.






Use the ratio prop to change the aspect ratio, following the pattern width/height. For example, the demo below uses a ratio of 4/3, which is a common alternative to the default 16/9:

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Object fit

When the content inside the Aspect Ratio component is an image or a video, you can use the objectFit prop to control how it's resized.

This prop gives you access to all of the values associated with the CSS object-fit property: cover (default), contain, fill, scaleDown, initial, inherit, and none.

A beautiful landscape.
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Media placeholder

Use a <div>, or a Box component paired with an icon, as a fallback when there is no media content provided:


Description of the card.

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Minimum and maximum height

Use the minHeight and maxHeight props to set the lower and upper bound for the height of the content. This is useful when the Aspect Ratio component wraps dynamic-width content, as shown in the demo below:

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Using inside a flex row

When the Aspect Ratio component is a child of a flexbox row container, use flex-basis to set the ideal width of the content:

Yosemite National Park

California, USA


By default, the Aspect Ratio component will retain the provided aspect ratio. If you want the Aspect Ratio component to fill the vertical space, set the flex prop to true:

21 / 9
20 APR 2023
Widget Title

Lorem ipsum is placeholder text commonly used in the graphic.

Using with Next.js Image

The Aspect Ratio component can be used with a Next.js Image component as a child. The Image should always include the layout="fill" property—otherwise it requires height and width values, which would defeat the purpose of the Aspect Ratio component.

import Image from 'next/image';
import AspectRatio from '@mui/joy/AspectRatio';
import mountains from '../public/mountains.jpg';

function App() {
  return (
    <AspectRatio variant="outlined" ratio="1" objectFit="cover">
      {/* only layout="fill" makes sense for using with AspectRatio */}
      <Image alt="Mountains" src={mountains} layout="fill" placeholder="blur" />

Using with an icon

The Aspect Ratio component can be a handy tool for creating a square container for an icon.

Common examples

In designs like this, ensure to assign a minWidth value to prevent the Aspect Ratio component from shrinking.

Night view

Night view


Lake view

Lake view


Mountain view

Mountain view


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List stack

This is a simple illustration of how to use Aspect Ratio with list components:

  • Night view

    Night view


  • Lake view

    Lake view


  • Mountain view

    Mountain view



The Aspect Ratio component is composed of a root <div> with a content <div> nested inside; the child component is given a data-first-child attribute for styling purposes:

<div class="MuiAspectRatio-root">
  <div class="MuiAspectRatio-content">
    <some-element data-first-child>
      <!-- Aspect Ratio contents -->


See the documentation below for a complete reference to all of the props and classes available to the components mentioned here.