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The Input component facilitates the entry of text data from the user.


The Input component enhances the functionality of the native HTML <input> tag by providing expanded customization options and accessibility features.

<Input />



import Input from '@mui/joy/Input';

The Input component provides a customizable input field that can be used to collect user information, such as name, email, password, or other types of data.

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The Input component supports Joy UI's four global variants: solid (default), soft, outlined, and plain.

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The input component comes in three sizes: sm, md (default), and lg:

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Every palette included in the theme is available via the color prop.

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Form submission

You can add standard form attributes such as required and disabled to the Input component:

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Focused ring

Provide these CSS variables to sx prop to control the focused ring appearance:

  • --Input-focusedInset: the focused ring's position, either inside(inset) or outside(var(--any, )) of the Input.
  • --Input-focusedThickness: the size of the focused ring.
  • --Input-focusedHighlight: the color of the focused ring.
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Debugging the focus ring

To display the Input's focus ring by simulating user's focus, inspect the Input element and toggle the pseudostate panel.

  • If you inspect the Input's root element, with .MuiInput-root class, you have to toggle on the :focus-within state.
  • If you inspect the <input> element, you can toggle with either :focus or :focus-within states.

Triggering the focus ring

To trigger the focus ring programmatically, set the CSS variable --Input-focused: 1.

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Label and helper text

Group Input with the Form label and Form helper text in a Form control component to create a text field.

This is a helper text.
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Use the error prop on Input or Form Control to toggle the error state:

Opps! something is wrong.
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The startDecorator and endDecorator props can be used to add supporting icons or elements to the input. With inputs, decorators are typically located at the top and/or bottom of the input field.


Inner HTML input

If you need to pass props to the inner HTML <input>, use slotProps={{ input: { ...props } }}. These props may include HTML attributes such as ref, min, max, and autocomplete.

CSS variables playground

Play around with the CSS variables available to the Input component to see how the design changes. You can use these to customize the component with both the sx prop and the theme.

  startDecorator={<MailIcon />}

CSS variables


Common examples

Focus outline

This example shows how to replace the default focus ring (using ::before) with CSS outline.

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Floating label

To create a floating label input, a custom component (combination of <input> and <label>) is required to replace the default input slot.

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Very weak

Debounced input:

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Third-party formatting

The Input component can be integrated with third-party formatting libraries for more complex use cases.

Create an adapter component to get the props from the Input component and map them to the third-party component APIs. Then use that adapter as a value to the slotProps.input.component property of the Joy UI Input.

The demos below illustrate how to do this with two popular libraries.

React imask

react-imask provides the IMaskInput component for complex formatting options.

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React number format

react-number-format provides the NumericFormat component for enforcing text formatting that follows a specific number or string pattern.

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All inputs should have a descriptive label linked to help users understand its purpose.

The Form Control component automatically generates a unique ID that links the Input with the Form Label and Form Helper Text components:

This is a helper text.
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Alternatively, you can do this manually by targeting the input slot—see inner HTML input for details:

<label htmlFor="unique-id">Label</label>
    input: {
      id: 'unique-id',


The Input component is composed of a root <div> with an <input> nested inside:

<div class="MuiInput-root">
  <input class="MuiInput-input" />


Use the Base UI Input for complete ownership of the component's design, with no Material UI or Joy UI styles to override. This unstyled version of the component is the ideal choice for heavy customization with a smaller bundle size.


See the documentation below for a complete reference to all of the props and classes available to the components mentioned here.